~Draft Zero: guest post by Deborah O’Carroll!~



(I’m so excited to announce that today we’re having the first GUEST POSTER here on my blog! Please welcome Deborah O’Carroll!)

Draft Zero. What is it? And how can you use it to become a more efficient writer?

That’s what I’m here to tell you about today. :)

I’ve mentioned it often in the past on my own blog, and I’m finally writing about it. Others may use a similar technique—I don’t know. Or perhaps it’s something that is only my own unique method, and won’t fit for anyone else (though of course I hope it will be helpful or at least intriguing).

All I know is, it’s what I named a particular trick I use to help me write.

I used to call it “scene-plotting” or “pre-writing”, but neither of those quite fit, so I finally settled on “Draft Zero” because that’s what it is. Basically, it’s halfway between plotting and a first draft.

Plotting and first drafts are fine in themselves, but plotting is not actual writing, merely outlining, so it’s not the story yet. And first drafts, well… I have a problem with STARTING things. I mean to, but… there’s a lot of pressure, you know?

I’m a perfectionist, which is helpful when I edit, but not a good thing when I’m trying to simply WRITE. No matter how many times I tell myself it’s only a first draft and doesn’t have to be perfect, I still feel like it has to be brilliant to begin with. And so I don’t sit down and start writing. Because starting is scary sometimes.

In the words of Howl, “Only way I can do something this frightening is to tell myself I’m not doing it!”


(Yes, I’m tying Howl’s Moving Castle into my writing advice post. Deal with it. XD)

Draft Zero, therefore, is how I “Howl” myself into Actually Writing.

I define Draft Zero as essentially getting the story down in its most basic written form.

It’s not quite an outline, but in some ways like that. It’s not quite “actual writing”, in that it might not even have proper sentences, and Nobody Is Allowed To Read It. At this point, it is only for me. And that takes loads of pressure off, somehow. But to make it be only for me, it has to be sub-First-Draft enough that I’m not tempted to perfect it yet.

Draft Zero is when I give myself permission to throw words around messily and just TELL the story and get this scene down.

Another handy thing about this is: when I’m writing, and I have a scene in mind, my fingers often can’t type fast enough to keep up with what I know is happening, and if I stop to craft each sentence, I’ll start forgetting the next bit I needed to write—especially those slippery bits of brilliant dialog that I don’t want to lose, but my characters are getting ahead of my typing fingers!

Draft Zero allows me to list everything in quick order without worrying about how I’m presenting it. Sentence crafting comes later. This is about raw STORY.

Sometimes you’re stuck and don’t know what’s going to happen next. Or you might have a vague idea of a scene you need to connect with this other scene, but you don’t know what happens between. That’s when just starting to jot things down, even if it’s as brief as a short list of vague things that could happen, can help get you through to the next thing. And sometimes that is just what Draft Zero is for.

It helps especially when I have a scene I have only a vague idea about and need to figure out how to fill it in, OR when I have a vivid scene (particularly later in the story) which I want to get down while it’s fresh in my mind, without committing to having actually written that part, since it will likely change a bit by the time I get there. (Yes, I write out of order sometimes. No, it’s not necessarily a good idea. But I can’t seem to help it, so.)

I’ve had particular success using this method to help me get the ending of stories down—when I was writing a short story, or my Rooglewood contest novella entry, and I kind of knew what needed to happen, but was scared to start trying to put it down, because ENDINGS and PRESSURE and how do I write the entiiire ending all at once? Well, I write those final few scenes in Draft Zero form, of course. And then they’re all laid out and waiting for me to polish them into a first draft ending.

When I write Draft Zero, I take a scene as mentioned above—either vivid or vague—and I sit down and tell myself I can just play with words and throw the scene onto the page and get it down in a basic form.

So, my rules for this writing technique are: there aren’t any.

This means I can slip around and write out of order even in the scene I’m writing. It can range from the briefest of descriptions, such as scribbling the note “they talk about plans”, to detailed descriptions of said plans, complete with the dialog and references to the characters’ movements/expressions as they talk, or a description of their surroundings. I can write without proper sentences, in sentence-fragments, without consistent tense, punctuation or capitalization. (I know, it’s horrifying; but nobody sees it and it seems to work for me, sometimes.) But that goes the other way too: I can write exact sentences with the precise wording I want, and punctuation and beautiful polish, right in the middle of all that mess, if I feel like it and if it wants writing.

One of my biggest things is getting the actual dialog down. I sit down, I get into the scene, and I start listing out things that happen, lines that are said, visuals, whatever—anything I’m seeing and hearing in my mind as I play through the scene. It all goes down, typed fairly quickly in list form, as I try to grasp everything and get it down. More like a screenplay in some ways, I guess. But more than a normal outline, because it will have snatches of actual first draft writing thrown in.

Sometimes I only do this for a brief time and then I automatically start writing “regularly” and it’s a first draft with bits of zero draft at the start. And that’s all right too—the trick has done its job and got me STARTED. Other times I’ll Draft Zero the whole scene, or a series of scenes.

But whether it’s simply laying a few stepping stones across the stream to reach firmer ground, or building an entire rough bridge to get filled in later, it’s still moving forward on the journey.



(Here are a couple screenshots of an example scene from a short story I wrote, called Darkling Reflections. The Draft Zero version is on the left; finished version on the right. Sometimes my zero drafts are more detailed, sometimes less, and are often far more difficult for people to understand. XD But this is one example.)

What now? What do you do once you have the story down in a messy format—but down all the same?

Once I’m done a Draft Zero section, there are two options. Either 1.) I’m content to leave it for now, since it’s “gotten down on paper” and I won’t forget it, and it can wait in a sort of limbo mode until I need it again (like when I get to that part of the story); or 2.) I almost immediately, the same day or soon after, go back through it and start turning the zero draft into a first draft.

I should note that I haven’t done more than a few scenes together in Draft Zero form—I haven’t ever done an entire story that way. I usually get impatient to turn the zero draft scene(s) into first draft. It’s something I’d like to try—a whole story in a zero draft version—but it hasn’t happened yet.

Usually having a Draft Zero section down makes me excited enough that I want to turn it into Real Writing right away. So I go through it—sometimes in order, sometimes not—and start taking that almost-shorthand series of notes and dialog and un-punctuated, uncapitalized, sentence-fragment-y flailing of words forming the scene in its most basic form (interspersed with actual writing and description), and I’ll quickly smooth them into sentences, add punctuation, and expand things (because I see more to the scene than the bare bones written there, so it’s only natural to put that down as I go).

And before I know it, I have a first draft of a scene or two, and usually in far less time than it would have taken me to craft a first draft scene in the first place—with the added bonus that the framework of jumping quickly from one thing to the other, as I was getting it down, keeps me from rambling all over the place. This means my scenes are (often, though not always) tighter and shorter, with more punch and less babble. (I’m a long-winded writer, if you haven’t noticed… so this is important to me. XD)

When I write in this way, I’m not spending all my time thinking about HOW to write this, I’m just… writing it. And I Howled (that is, tricked) myself into starting, when I didn’t want to, or didn’t know if I could, or was afraid to try. And even if I don’t turn it into Actual Writing right then, I’ll at least have the basics down for when I want it later.

If you don’t have a problem with sitting down and just getting the story written, then I applaud you! Perhaps a Draft Zero method is not for you. But you might find something helpful to pick out of it, all the same. I’d be curious to know if you think it might be helpful in the future! If some part of it intrigues you but another part doesn’t work for you, leave that out and just take what you think might help. Like I said, there are no rules—unless the rule is to keep making progress on telling our Stories in the best way for each of us. :)

And for all I know, oodles of people may use something very like this, and I only slapped a name on it and called it a discovery… In which case I’d be very curious to hear if you use this technique or something similar!

One more secret: I don’t use this just for writing my novels and short stories. That’s primarily what I use it for, yes. But I also use Draft Zero for other things—including book reviews, emails, and… well… I actually wrote the beginning of this post in a Draft Zero format. I didn’t know how to start writing this (my very first guest post), so I just used the technique I was going to talk about, and started listing out half-sentences about what I wanted to say—and in that way, I Howled myself into writing real paragraphs once I got into it… and here we are at the end!

It just goes to show that sometimes, before a first, there’s a zero—which is not necessarily a bad thing; that sometimes making a mess is the best way to make something beautiful; and that Howl’s Moving Castle and Draft Zero are two of my favorite secret weapons for becoming a better writer. ;) What are yours?

Thanks for reading!


Deborah O’Carroll is a fantasy writer, bookwyrm, blogger, punctuation enthusiast/freelance copyeditor, Tolkienite, Diana Wynne Jones fan, avid organizer of bookshelves, and secretly an otter. She blogs about books, writing, and ishness at: https://deborahocarroll.wordpress.com/

27 thoughts on “~Draft Zero: guest post by Deborah O’Carroll!~

  1. EEEEEEEE!!!!!!!!!! I’ve been so wanting a detailed post of your Draft Zero process! I had the gist of how you did it, but this was fantastic getting examples and explanations of everything you do with it. And I’m sure I’ve told you before but I AM SO IN LOVE WITH THIS METHOD. It is the PERFECT way to force oneself to just WRITE without worrying about sentence structure and details and all that. To just let the creativity free and get down your first initial thoughts with no pressure. BRILLIANT CELTI IS BRILLIANT.

    I am such a perfectionist too (as you well know), and I halt my progress a lot because of it. Your method of tricking your perfectionism out of the way is so genius! I just love how you Howl yourself into things. XDDD

    Basically I love ALL of this and will probably adopt this method sometime. Because I personally have never seen anyone else do this before, no. Again: BRILLIANT CELTI IS BRILLIANT!!!

    Thank you so much for sharing your brilliance with us! :D

    (Also, I adored getting to reread snippets of Darkling Reflections. I love that story so much! <333)

    1. Haha, took me long enough! XD But yes, it’s finally here! I’m so so glad you enjoyed it and found it interesting and possibly helpful! :D Yep, trying to make everything perfect the first time can really stifle being creative and free… Aww, thank you! ^_^

      Being a perfectionist can help LATER, but it’s hard at the beginning… :P Heheh, yes, even though it’s bad that I DO have to Howl myself into doing things in the first place. XD

      Oh, yay! I hope that if you do try it out, it’ll be helpful in some way! I haven’t heard of anyone doing something like this either, but you never know… AWK, you sweet thing! ^_^

      You’re SO welcome! Thanks for reading and for your lovely comment!

      (You’re making me happy. :D THANK YOU! <3 )

  2. Finally! I’ve been looking forward to reading about the Draft Zero technique ever since I first heard about it. :) I will definitely have to try this method, because I have the same problem with first drafts. I often have scenes come to me out of order, so if I think I have to start from the beginning and write chapter by chapter, the scenes I actually want to write don’t ever get out onto the page.

    1. Oh, yay! I’m glad you enjoyed it, and I hope it’ll be helpful for you if you try it! I’m the same way, and I just want to get the scenes down even if they’re out of order! Best of luck to you! ^_^

  3. I should try this, my perfectionist tendencies keep me from being able to do what most people would call a first draft. This just might do the trick, I just need to Howl my way through. ;)

  4. Congrats your first guest post, Deborah! *claps* This is a really neat technique. I think I do something similar during NaNo, but not quite like this. I may need to try it for those scenes that just don’t flow. Thank you for sharing!


    1. Thanks so much, Tori! ^_^ And how awesome you use a similar technique! Yeah, it really helps when I’m stuck. I haven’t used it much for NaNo but sometimes it’s needed. :P You’re welcome! Thanks so much for reading and sharing your thoughts! :)

  5. AGH this was so awesome!! I really need to try this method now! I’ve tried writing complex outlines a few times, but…they really just don’t work for me. :P Thanks for sharing this, guys! ^_^

    1. Aaah, yay! I’m so glad you liked it! Thanks! :D And yes, if complicated outlines don’t work for you, maybe something simpler will. I hope that you’ll find it helpful if you try it. :) You’re welcome! Thanks for reading! <3

  6. LOVE this concept. I really need to try it. My biggest struggle is always getting caught up in the minutiae of word choices as I write…which is kinda dumb because I always have to go back and fix those anyway. I’m also a big fan of the name; it’s brilliant.

    1. Thanks so much! I think you might enjoy trying it — of course, you already can write insanely fast as-is, so… XD But yes, word choice is a tricky beast to get stuck on while writing, so it does kinda help me with that. And thanks! So glad you like it! :D Thanks for reading! ^_^

  7. I’m trying to get back into a book I started writing ages ago, and I want to try this technique, but I was wondering what program you use to get the draft zero section on the left. I would like to be able to see both my draft zero and draft one at the same time. Thanks!

    1. Hi! I use Scrivener. There’s an option to have two sections open. But even if you don’t have that, I bet you could pull open two Word documents and have them open side by side if you squished the window size? But Scrivener is easy for it. Good luck on your writing! Let me know if you have more questions! <3

  8. Oooh, I enjoyed this explanation. I’ve heard you talk about Draft Zero before and it’s neat to see it walked through here. I… kind of mix and match a little. Compared to your Draft Zero process, I think what I do these days might measure up to something akin to a “Half Draft.” I have a SUPER basic outline/story arc, and then I word sprint my way through scenes. I tried not to care about things like typos, but I just can’t stomach that for long… so I slowed down a little and if I notice a typo as I’m going along, I allow myself to fix it… but I also don’t allow myself to get bogged down in the minutiae of precision, as I know that I will be word-smithing in the coming drafts. I have a hard time writing out of order, though with my current WIP I’ve hit upon a gem that works really well for me (and utilizes the awesomeness of Scrivener) where I have folders for each character-arc where I can write their scenes in order, and I’ll go back later and weave them all together into each other’s stories.

    1. Yay! Thanks! :) And my personal Draft Zero process changes too, and I think that’s part of what’s fun about discovering ways that work for YOU to write: tweaking and learning what’s the best way for us personally to work. Heehee, I don’t really allow typos EXCEPT when I decide punctuation/capitalization are just distracting me from getting real work done, especially during wordwars. XD I wouldn’t let anyone ELSE see it, but for some reason it helps me loosen up on being a perfectionist about the words I’m writing, and just get the story down on paper. I like your Half Draft idea! And I used to not be able to write out of order, but now I’m addicted to it. :P I love your idea of writing character-arcs and weaving them together later! I’m doing something quite similar at the moment, since I have to rework the MAIN characters’ plots but I’m not doing that yet, so I’m following a side character’s arc… and now it’s crossing with theirs, so it’s tricking me (in a good way) into writing parts with them too… :P I just know I’ll have to go back and redo the storyline of the MCs but this is allowing me to move forward, hopefully toward the end, so that I’ll have something to actually WORK with when I go to rewrite. It’s a start, anyway, since I’m so tired of getting stuck halfway through and going back to restart and therefore never finishing anything. XD I’m TOTALLY going to finish this and then worry about rewrites later. :P ANYWAY, all that to say, writing character arcs in order is brilliant and I’ll probably use that even more when I work on some of my more complicated books! :D Thanks for reading and sharing your helpful thoughts! ^_^

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